It is not the pith of an apple that is good for you, it is the coloured SKIN which is the best part. The colours of apples indicate that when you eat the pigmented peripheral matter, you consume lots of antioxidants and phytochemicals.

It is because of this that you should never peel an apple. The peel is the most nutritious part of an apple.

Apples contain a sweet pulp surrounding the seeds (the pips). The fructose sugar contained in apple pulp is produced by apple trees in order to temp animals to eat the fruits and to gnaw down into the apple core.

There, in the core are the seeds, which some animals unwittingly swallow. The seeds easily survive transit through mammalian guts and end up in faeces.

A new apple tree may then hopefully grow.

Human faeces enter sewers and any apple seeds that have been ingested have no chance of ending up deposited on mineral-rich soil. Nevertheless, there are animals which assist in apple seed dispersal.

Apples contain vitamin C and small amounts of the B family of vitamins. They are also sources of vitamins A, K and E.

They contain little fat or cholesterol.

The main minerals in apples are calcium, magnesium, phosphorus and potassium, with trace amounts of Iron and Manganese.

The main phytochemicals in apples are Beta carotene, Lutein and Zeaxanthin.

Apples also contain ample dietary fibre (both soluble and insoluble types). Fibre can help prevent the amount of bad cholesterol in blood from rising.

Apples are one of the most consumed fruits in the world and are in the top 10 healthy foods.

They help to reduce the risk of getting diabetes, although a study involving nearly 200,000 people found that the risk was lowered only by 7 per cent. And women are 28 per cent less likely to get diabetes if they eat an apple every day.

Apples also seem to be good for tackling obesity. In other words, they are good for losing the flab and weight.

The active ingredients of the apples varieties such as Braeburn, Fuji, Gala, Granny Smith, Golden Delicious, McIntosh and Red Delicious, were found to benefit beneficial gut bacteria of obese mice, with the bitter-tasting Granny Smith apples being the best.

Quercetin is one of the antioxidants found abundantly in apples. That can help the brain, and in the fight against Alzheimer’s Disease.

Drinking apple juice may increase the production in the brain of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, which can help to improve the memory. Tests on mice seem to confirm this.

Apples are thought to be good for reducing the development of certain types of cancer. Studies from the American Association Of Cancer Research have demonstrated that the high flavone content of apples contributed to reduction of pancreatic cancer cases by 23 per cent.

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